I mentioned cod in my entry yesterday and I figured I should dedicate a whole entry to it!
Cod is the common name for the genus of fish Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae, and is also used in the common name of a variety of other fishes. Cod is a popular food fish with a mild flavor, low fat content and a dense white flesh that flakes easily. Cod livers are processed to make cod liver oil, an important source of Vitamin A, Vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA). Larger cod caught during spawning are sometimes called skrei. Young Atlantic cod or haddock prepared in strips for cooking is called scrod.
Cod in Norway:
We eat a lot of cod in Norway. In some parts of Norway (for instance parts of the southern coast), cod is the traditional Christmas dinner.
In the Lofoten islands of northern Norway, the fishing of cod was the main industry for centuries, and is still very important. Special techniques for cod fishing was developed there. The season for fishing cod is from early February to mid-March.
Some of the cod (after being cleaned of course) is hung up on timber racks (hjeller) to dry, remaining on the racks until June. This is called stockfish in English, bacalao in Spanish and bacalhau in Portuguese. In Brazil, bacalhau noruego is a cherished Christmas dish. (In Spanish and Portuguese they use the same word for the fresh and the dry version of the fish.) Norway has exported cod for centuries. In South America, I often find that our cod is the thing we are the most famous for!
People in Norway have been taking cod liver oil for a long time. The ultimate Omega 3 supplement! (Although it can make you burp fishy...)
I thought this image was neat - it is Norwegian cod liver oil (tran) packaged for sale in Poland.
I prefer my cod fresh, lightly salted, with potatoes, carrots and butter. It is almost always the first dinner I have when I go to Norway!
In Lofoten, we met a Spaniard running a tourist shop. He did good business selling stockfish to the Spanish tourists.
Te conozco bacalao, aunque vengas disfrazado!