Founded in 789, after the Moors arrived in Spain and in North Africa, Fes became the religious and cultural epicenter of Morocco. It is home to the oldest university in the world. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1981, the city consists of three well defined zones: Fes el-Bali, the heart of the medina; Fes el-Jedid, the site of the Royal Palace and the mellah (Jewish quarter); and the Ville Nouvelle, the modern district developed under the French Protectorate.
The pictures below show a bird's-eye view of the historic medina. Easily distinguishable on the photos are the ramparts that surround the tight and compact city; less visible are the many minarets and the numerous parabolic antennae (satellite dishes).
In the coming days I'll be posting photos of our visit to the medina. We spent an entire day with a wonderful local guide who gave us an exiting tour of this amazing labyrinthine city.