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Phoning To, From and Within Europe - How to Dial

Pauline Kenny

Calling European phone numbers from the US and Canada, long distance calls from Europe to other countries and placing phone calls within European countries, how to dial, how to pay.


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Phoning To Europe from the US and Canada

To dial a European phone number from the US or Canada, dial as follows:

  • first dial the US long distance code 011
  • then the country code (Italy-39, United Kingdom-44, France-33, Germany-49, Spain-34, Switzerland-41)
  • then the area code (you may have to drop the leading zero, depends on the country, see note below)
  • then the number

For example:

  • If the Italian phone number is 0577-707-555, dial the following:
    Do NOT drop the leading zero in city code for Italy phone numbers.
  • If the England phone number is 01823-555555, dial the following:
    Drop the leading zero in city code for United Kingdom phone numbers.

Do I Drop the Leading Zero in the Area Code?

Sometimes YES, sometimes NO. Many European countries require that you drop the zero when calling from outside the country. See the World Telephone Numbering Guide for complete information.

Why is There a Plus Sign (+) at the Start of the European Phone Number?

European phone numbers are frequently written in the format +39-0577-555-555. The plus indicates that you have to dial your long distance code first and then dial the rest of the number when calling from outside the country (in the US the code is 011, in Europe it is 00).

Time Change

Continental Europe is six hours later than the east coast of the United States (EST). For example, at midnight in New York City, it is 6:00 AM in Florence. The United Kingdom is one hour earlier than continental Europe. See The World Clock for complete information.

The Best Way to Pay for International Calls from the US/Canada

Read about the options for paying for international calls from the US/Canada.

Phoning from Europe to the US, Canada and Other Countries

To call another country from a European country:

  • first dial the Europe long distance code 00
  • then the country code (1 for the US and Canada, 44 for the UK)
  • then the area code and number

Country codes of other countries: US-1, Canada-1, United Kingdom-44, France-33, Germany-49, Spain-34, Switzerland-41

The Best Way to Pay for International Calls from Europe

Read about the options for paying for international calls from Europe.

Phoning Within a Country in Europe

This may vary by country. Usually you dial the complete area code (including the leading zero) and phone number to dial a number anywhere in the country, even if you are in the same area code.

Once in Germany, we were in a town where you only dialed the last four digits of the phone number to call other numbers in that town. If your phone call does not go through when you dial the complete number - area code and phone number - ask the local Tourist Office how to place the call.

Other Phone Information


www.wtng.info: World Telephone Number Guide with complete information on how to dial other countries.

www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/: The World Clock, see what time it is in the country you are calling.

www.kropla.com: Steve Kropla's Help for World Travelers, with worldwide electrical and telephone information.

www.voltagevalet.com: Voltage Valet, with a website full worldwide electrical and telephone information and a store selling adapters etc.

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