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French Language Lessons: Counting to 100

Steve Cohen

Once you can say and recognize numbers in French up to 20, covered in the previous lesson, you are ready to continue with numbers up to 100. Follow these steps, using the provided tables:

  • Learn the numbers from 20 to 30.
  • Learn the multiples of 10 from 20 on: 10, 20, 30 etc. up to 90.
  • Practice combining the various multiples of 10 with the single-digit endings to form numbers from 20 to 99 using the twenties as the example.
  • Review the numbers from 1 to 20 as a refresher.
  • Get ready to go further by learning the word for 100.

You can listen to the lesson.

Notes on Pronunciation

French words tend to be accented lightly on the last syllable or the last syllable of a group of words. In rare instances for emphasis or where this is not the case, an accented syllable will be indicated by ALL CAPS. Liaisons are indicated by red, italicized initial consonants (e.g. "Puis-je vous aider?" pronounced as "pwee-zhuh voo zeh-day"). See Guide to Transliteration for more information.

Numbers from 20 to 30

ENGLISH FRENCH SAY IT LIKE THIS

20

vingt

va

21

vingt et un

va tay u

22

vingt-deux

va-DUH

23

vingt-trois

va-TWAH

24

vingt-quatre

va-KAHTR

25

vingt-cinq

va-SAK

26

vingt-six

va-SEES

27

vingt-sept

va-SEHT

28

vingt-huit

va-TWEET

29

vingt-neuf

va-NUHF

30

trente

traht

Multiples of 10 up to 100

ENGLISH FRENCH SAY IT LIKE THIS

10

dix

dees

20

vingt

va

30

trente

traht

40

quarante

kah-RAHT

50

cinquante

sak-AHT

60

soixante

swah-SAHT

70

soixante-dix

swah-saht-DEES

80

quatre-vingts

kahtr-VA

90

quatre-vingt-dix

kahtr-va-DEES

100

cent*

sah

* Note: Cent means "one hundred"; you don’t add "one" before it as in English. This is also the word for a hundredth of a euro (a "euro cent"); for example, cinq euro et trente cents (English transliteration: sak uh-ROH ay traht sah) means five euro and thirty (euro) cents, which you may see written as €5,30 (commas and decimal points have the opposite meaning in European notation to the American usage).

Numbers from 70 to 79 and 90 to 99

For numbers in the thirties through the sixties and numbers in the eighties, form compound numbers as for the numbers from 21 to 29 (see above list). Use the root form of the "times 10" number joined by a hyphen to a single digit number to form combinations like thirty-five (trent-cinq), fifty-seven (cinquante-sept), sixty-one (soixante et un), etc. The "one" entry in each of these groups is written as the "times ten" number followed by "et un" (e.g. quarante et un). Note that quatre-vingts (with a final "s", as in "four twenties") is used for 80, but quatre-vingt without the "s" is used to form the compound numbers from 81 onwards.

Compound numbers in the seventies and nineties are formed differently. For these groups, join either soixante (60) or quatre-vingt (80) with a hyphen to the number from 11 through 19 (see Counting to 20) which produces the correct total. Some examples: the French for seventy-two is soixante-douze ("sixty-twelve"), for ninety-seven, quatre-vingt-dix-sept ("eighty-seventeen"), etc.

Note: In some French speaking areas outside of France, including parts of Belgium and Switzerland, you may hear the words septante and nonante used in place of soixante-dix and quatre-vingt(s) as the base for numbers in the 70-79 and 90-99 ranges. These forms are used in the same way as other "tens" groupings; for example, you may hear septante et un instead of soixante-onze or nonante-cinq instead of quatre-vingt-quinze. You may also hear the words huitante and octante in place of quatre-vingt(s) for 80. You will always be understood if you use the "standard" forms described in this lesson.

Numbers from 70 to 79

ENGLISH FRENCH SAY IT LIKE THIS

70

soixante-dix

swah-saht-DEES

71

soixante-onze

swah-saht-OHZ

72

soixante-douze

swah-saht-DOOZ

73

soixante-treize

swah-saht-TREHZ

74

soixante-quatorze

swah-saht-kah-TOHRZ

75

soixante-quinze

swah-saht-KAZ

76

soixante-seize

swah-saht-SEHZ

77

soixante-dix-sept

swah-saht-dee-SEHT

78

soixante-dix-huit

swah-saht-dee-ZWEET

79

soixante-dix-neuf

swah-saht-dee-ZNUHF

Numbers from 90 to 99

ENGLISH FRENCH SAY IT LIKE THIS

90

quatre-vingt-dix

kahtr-va-DEES

91

quatre-vingt-onze

kahtr-va-OHZ

92

quatre-vingt-douze

kahtr-va-DOOZ

93

quatre-vingt-treize

kahtr-va-TREHZ

94

quatre-vingt-quatorze

kahtr-va-kah-TOHRZ

95

quatre-vingt-quinze

kahtr-va-KAZ

96

quatre-vingt-seize

kahtr-va-SEHZ

97

quatre-vingt-dix-sept

kahtr-va-dee-SEHT

98

quatre-vingt-dix-huit

kahtr-va-dee-ZWEET

99

quatre-vingt-dix-neuf

kahtr-va-dee-ZNUHF

You have now covered the numbers in French up to 100!

You learned the numbers from 1 to 20 in the previous lesson. To practice forming combined numbers between 21 and 99, use the two tables below. Pick one entry from each column and combine them into a single hyphenated word except for the "et un" endings which are added after the "times ten" word with no hyphens.

Twenties to eighties, excluding seventies

Tens Units

 

et un

vingt

deux

trente

trois

quarante

quatre

cinquante

cinq

soixante

six

quatre-vingt

sept

 

huit

 

neuf

Seventies and nineties

Tens Units

 

onze

 

douze

 

treize

soixante

quatorze

 

quinze

quatre-vingt

seize

 

dix-sept

 

dix-huit

 

dix-neuf

Examples

Here are a few examples to get you started. Practice with these, then make up more of your own.

ENGLISH FRENCH SAY IT LIKE THIS

74

soixante-quatorze

swah-saht-kah-TOHRZ

36

trente-six

traht-SEES

51

cinquante et un

sak-AHT ay u

99

quatre-vingt-dix-neuf

kahtr-va-dee-ZNUHF

43

quarante-trois

kah-rah-TWAH

22 vingt-deux va-DUH

87

quatre-vingt-sept

kahtr-va-SEHT

68

soixante-huit

swah-sah-TWEET

Listen

You can hear this lesson being spoken.

Download MP3 soundtrack: fr_counts100_ex.mp3 (0.5mb)
Click on the link to play the sound file (it takes a few minutes to download). Right click to download the file to save on your computer.

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